Saint-Etienne becomes at the beginning of the 19th century the most important coal basin of France. The engineer Beaunier proposed the construction of a "railway" between Saint-Etienne and Andrézieux, a small town on the banks of the Loire, to facilitate the evacuation of coal to the Paris region. The line, about 20 km long, was opened in 1827. At Andrezieux, coal was loaded on flat-bottomed boats: "rambertes9quot ;. The first railway line of France was launched.
In 1832, a second line was opened, ensuring both the transport of goods and people between Saint-Etienne and Lyon, thanks to the intervention of engineer Claude Verpilleux.
For a few decades, the railroad has eliminated one of the most notable handicaps facing Saint-Etienne. These 144 kilometers of railways installed will for a time be the only ones in France.
The French network begins to take shape then around Paris.
About the rail ticket
The Old Saint-Etienne Museum has the privilege of owning the first known railway ticket in the world (dated February 17, 1834, it was printed for distribution in 1833). The note reproduced in the work of L.-J. bold, History of the first French railways, it is only the copy reconstructed by the typographer, free of overwritten manuscripts. A second copy of the Saint-Etienne - Lyon line, dated 1836, is visible at the Gadagne Museum in Lyon.
In contrast, the Science Museum has an octagonal copper token dated 1832 and used by the company "Leicester and Swannington Ry". But according to Alain Mercier, in his article "Arch9eacute; ology of the train ticket" (Review Museum of Arts and Crafts, March 1996, pp. 43-50) "the metal support did not lend itself to diversity and modification of information" and they turned to the good old ticket, which was already in the air; used by the stagecoach and mail coach companies.
To learn more about the history of the first railway lines, visit the dedicated website on this subject:
(a site created by the Friends of Old Saint-Etienne with: list of remains, cartography of the original route, bibliography, etc.)
This engineer (Melun 1779-Paris 1835), the first graduate of the Ecole des Mines de Paris (1793), gave a decisive impetus to the industrial development of the Saint-Etienne region from 1812. After having contributed to his He founded the School of Miners, promoted the introduction of the manufacture of molten steel and took part in the project to create the first railway line.
THE TUBULAR BOILER OF MARC SEGUIN
Marc Seguin (1786-1875) was the first locomotive builder. He filed the patent for the tubular boiler in 1827 after analyzing the defects of the Stephenson locomotives on the Saint-Etienne-Andrézieux line. The boiler is surrounded by a water circuit and has a duct that passes through the boiler through multiple tubes. The water was thus heated more efficiently. In 1829, Seguin delivered to the Compagnie de la Ligne Saint-Etienne - Lyon two locomotives of the "Fusée" type. Engineer of the railway line Saint-Etienne - Lyon in 1830-1832, he was also the inventor of the suspension bridges.
Header: Sketch of the rails of the first line
© 1996 / Ph. Chapelin / AVSE
These pages can be copied freely for any personal or educational use.
- 1 Map N ° 31 Brunhes France waterways and railways
- 2 List of railway lines of France
- 2.1 List of railway lines of France
- 2.2 National network lines managed by RFF
- 2.3 Lines not belonging to the national network
- 2.4 Results found in: English-French
Map N ° 31 Brunhes France waterways and railways
This map is in excellent condition. The most beautiful map of France Hatier collection. Dimensions 120cm x 100cm thick card stock.
Collection Jean Brunhes by Brunhes and Deffontaines.
List of railway lines of France
List of railway lines of France
Card not updated. Since 2007, the lines Tours-Vierzon and Nantes-Les-Sables-d'Olonne are electrified by running 25,000 V AC. :
* Fine line: single track / Wide line: 2 or more lanes
* Red: High Speed Lines, 25 kV 50 Hz
* Gray: Non-electrified conventional lines
In blue: High speed lines traveled by TGV.
In black: Classic lines traveled by TGV.
In brown: Lines traversed by Corail Teoz.
In green: Lines traveled by Coral Intercités.
The following list presents Wikipedia articles on railway infrastructure, that is, railways, and not passenger train services.
The proposed division is sometimes a little different from the division used by SNCF and RFF; it can be found in the article on the national rail network.
National network lines managed by RFF
- LGV South East
- LGV Atlantic
- LGV North
- LGV Eastern Interconnection
- LGV Rhône-Alpes
- LGV Mediterranean
- East European LGV
- In construction
- Line Perpignan - Figueres
- LGV Rhine-Rhone
- In project
- LGV Brittany-Pays de la Loire
- LGV South Europe Atlantic
- LGV Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
- LGV Bordeaux-Toulouse
- LGV Center France
- Transalpine rail link Lyon-Turin
- LGV Poitiers-Limoges
- LGV Normandy
- LGV Paris - London by Amiens
- Line Paris - Strasbourg via Nancy
- Line Lérouville - Metz
- Rémilly Line - Saarbrücken
- Line Paris - Mulhouse via Troyes
- Line Paris - Charleville via Epernay, Reims and Rethel
- Troyes line - Nancy via Brienne, Wassy and Sorcy
- Classic line Paris - Marseille via Dijon and Lyon
- Dijon - Saint-Amour line by Louhans, to Bourg-en-Bresse
- Line Dijon - Vallorbe
- Line Moret - Clermont-Ferrand
- Maurienne Line (Culoz - Chambéry - Modane)
- Tarentaise Line (St Pierre d'Albigny-Bourg St Maurice)
- Line Lyon - Grenoble by Saint-André-le-Gaz
- Saint-André-le-Gaz Line - Chambéry
- Line Marseille - Ventimiglia
- Saint-Étienne Line - Lyon
- Cevennes line (Clermont-Ferrand-Nîmes)
- Causses line (Béziers-Neussargues)
- Alpine Line
- Livron Line - Aspres
- Line Veynes - Briançon
- Givors - Nîmes line on the right bank of the Rhône
- Tarascon Line - Sète by Nîmes and Montpellier
- Narbonne Line - Port-Bou via Perpignan
- Mâcon - Ambérieu line by Bourg-en-Bresse
- Line Paris - Bordeaux via Tours
- Ligne Brétigny - Tours by Dourdan and Vendôme
- Line Aubrais - Montauban via Limoges
- Bordeaux - Irun line via Dax and Bayonne
- Puyoô - Dax Line
- Poitiers line - La Rochelle
- Bourges line - Miécaze (- Aurillac) (abandoned beyond Montluçon)
- Line Paris - Le Havre via Rouen
- Line Paris - Cherbourg via Caen
- Line Paris - Granville
- Line Paris - Brest
- Savenay - Landerneau line
- Line Rennes - Redon
- Line Tours - Le Croisic via Nantes and Saint-Nazaire
- Line Le Mans - Angers
- Line Chartres - Bordeaux
- Line Les Sables-d'Olonne - Tours
- Caen Line - Rennes
- Line Paris - Lille
- Line Creil - Jeumont to Brussels
- La Plaine Line - Hirson via Soissons and Laon
- Line Longueau - Calais
- Ligne Épinay - The Tréport by Persan-Beaumont and Beauvais
Main transversal lines
- Line Lille - Thionville (Tranversale-Nord-Est)
- Line Luxembourg - Dijon
- Lyon - Bordeaux line via Roanne, Clermont-Ferrand and Brive
- Bordeaux - Sète line via Toulouse and Narbonne
- Line Amiens - Rouen
- Line Dole - Belfort via Besançon
- Lyon - Geneva line by Ambérieu, Culoz and Bellegarde
- Grenoble - Montmélian Line (North Alpine Sillon)
- Line Valence - Moirans (Sillon alpin Sud)
- Tende Line
- Line of Haut-Bugey
- Moulins Line - Mâcon
- Line Le Coteau - Montchanin
- Nevers - Chagny line by Le Creusot and Montchanin
- Saint-Etienne Line - Saint-Georges-d'Aurac by Le Puy en Velay
- Line Rennes - Saint-Malo
- Line Le Mans - Mézidon via Alençon
- Line Tours - Le Mans
- Line Serquigny - Oissel (Caen - Rouen link)
- Line Lison - Lamballe via Dol-de-Bretagne and Dinan
- Line Nantes - Saintes (continuing towards Bordeaux)
Lines of the Parisian suburbs
- Line of the valley of the Mauldre (Pleasure - Épône-Mézières)
- Invalides line (Invalides - Versailles-RG)
- Line Paris - Dreux - Granville
- Line Strasbourg - Lauterbourg
- Line Vendenheim - Wissembourg
- Haguenau - Béning line by Haguenau, Bitche and Sarreguemines
- Strasbourg - Saint-Dié Line by Molsheim
- Line Strasbourg - Kehl
- Sélestat - Molsheim line by Obernai
- Line Lutterbach - Kruth by Cernay
- Line Colmar - Metzeral
- Mulhouse Line - Müllheim
- Bayonne Line - Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
- Bordeaux Line - The Verdon
- Bordeaux Line - Libourne - Sarlat
- Line Lamothe - Arcachon
- Line Limoges - Périgueux
- Morcenx Line - Bagnères-de-Bigorre
- Pau Line - Canfranc
- Pau Line - Oloron-Sainte-Marie
- Niversac Line - Agen
- Limoges line - Angoulême
- Montluçon-Riom line by Gannat
- Vichy-Gannat Line
- Laqueuille Line - The Mont-Dore
- Line Le Puy - Langogne
- Line Saint-Georges-d'Aurac - Saint-Etienne by Le Puy
- Line Figeac - Arvant
- Pond-Laroche-Migennes line by Autun, Avallon and Auxerre
- Line Auxerre - Corbigny by Clamecy
- Brittany Network
- Guingamp-Paimpol line
- Guingamp-Carhaix line
- Line Plouaret - Lannion
- Network of Armorican Railways (Metropolitan gauge railway)
- Network of the Cotes-du-Nord Railways (Metropolitan gauge railway)
- Ille-et-Vilaine Tramway Network (Metropolitan gauge railway)
- Châlons-en-Champagne Line - Laon
- Line Blesmes-Haussignemont - Chaumont by Saint-Dizier
- Railways in the suburbs of Reims
- Saint-Dizier Line - Wassy - Doulevant-le-Château
- Frasne Line - The Verrières to Pontarlier
- Andelot Line - La Cluse by Oyonnax, Saint-Claude and Champagnole
- Line Besançon - Le Locle by Morteau
- Besançon - Vesoul line by Besançon-TGV and Devecey
- Voujeaucourt Line - Saint-Hippolyte, currently limited to Pont-de-Roide
- Line Le Havre-Tourville
- Motteville Line - Montérolier Buchy
- Serquigny to Oissel line
- Line Bréauté-Beuzeville - Fécamp
- Line Malaunay - Dieppe
- Line Bréauté-Beuzeville - Gravenchon
- Line Eu - Dieppe
- Line Amiens - Rouen
- Line Pontoise - Dieppe
- Ligne Épinay - The Tréport
- Line Montluçon - Saint-Sulpice-Laurière by Guéret
- Line Busseau-sur-Creuse - Ussel
- Line The Palace - Meymac
- Nexon - Brive line by Saint-Yrieix
- Metz - Verdun line by Hagondange and Conflans-Jarny
- Epinal Line - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
- Sarrebourg - Sarralbe Line
- Line Nancy - Merrey via Mirecourt
- Strasbourg - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges Line
- Epinal Line - Remiremont (- Bussang)
- Line Lunéville - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
- Line Culmont-Chalindrey - Toul via Neufchateau
- Metz Line - Zoufftgen
- Frouard Line - Novéant
- Reding Line - Metz
- Longuyon Line - Pagny-sur-Moselle
- Fontoy Line - Audun-le-Tiche
- Rémilly Line - Saarbrücken
- Toul Line - Blainville-Damelevières
- Line Toulouse - Auch
- Line Brive - Toulouse via Capdenac
- Tessonnières line - Rodez by Albi and Carmaux
- Saint-Sulpice-sur-Tarn line - Mazamet by Castres
- Portet-Saint-Simon Line - Puigcerda by Pamiers and Foix
- Line Montréjeau - Luchon
- Line Capdenac - Rodez
- Rodez line - Sévérac-le-Château
- Line Dunkerque - Les-Fontinettes (Calais)
- Line Lille - Calais by Armentieres, Hazebrouck and Saint-Omer
- Line Arras - Dunkirk by Lens, Bethune and Hazebrouck
- Fives - Mouscron Line by Roubaix and Tourcoing
- Line Lille - Orchies by Villeneuve d'Ascq
- Line Lille - Comines
- Line Lille - Abbeville by Bethune and St-Pol-sur-Ternoise
- Line Lens - Don-Sainghin
- Line Lens - Ostricourt
- Arras Line - Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise
- Line Cambrai - Douai
- Douai Line - Blanc-Misseron by Valenciennes
- Savenay - Landerneau line by Redon and Quimper
- Line Tours - Le Croisic
- Line Nantes - Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie
- Bourgneuf Line - Les Sables-d'Olonne (metric gauge - VFIL)
- Line Sainte-Pazanne - Pornic
- Saint-Hilaire-de-Chaléons Line - Paimboeuf
- Clisson Line - Cholet
- La Possonnière Line - Cholet
- Abbeville Line - The Tréport
- Trilport Line - Bazoches by La-Ferté-Milon
- Line Creil - Beauvais
- Ormoy-Villers - Boves line by Estrées-St-Denis and Montdidier
- Line Amiens - Rouen
- Line Beauvais - Amiens
- Ligne Épinay - The Tréport
- Feuquières Line - Ponthoile
- Line La Plaine - Hirson
- Estrées-Saint-Denis Line - Froissy - Crèvecœur-le-Grand
- Line Pierrelaye - Creil
- Line Pontoise - Dieppe
- Avignon - Miramas line by Cavaillon and Salon-de-Provence
- Miramas Line - L'Estaque by Port-de-Bouc and Istres
- Cannes - Grasse line
- Toulon - Hyères line
- Line Marseille - Briançon
- Line Les Arcs - Draguignan
- Pertuis Line - Aix-en-Provence - Marseille
- Saint-Gervais Line - Vallorcine
- Lyon - Bourg-en-Bresse line by Villars-les-Dombes
- Saint-Germain-des-Fossés line - Saint-Étienne
- Line Coteau - Saint-Germain-au-Mont-d'Or
- Clermont-Ferrand Line - Saint-Étienne
- Aix-les-Bains Line - Annemasse
- Line La Roche-sur-Foron - Saint-Gervais
- Line Lyon-Croix-Rousse - Trévoux
- Lyon - Montbrison line
- Line Paray-le-Monial - Givors
- Line Longeray - Évian-les-Bains
- Tonkin Line (Evian - Saint-Gingolph)
Lines not belonging to the national network
- Hérault railways, line Colombiers - Cazouls-les-Béziers
- Line of Seals (south branch of RER B)
- Vincennes Line (A2 branch of RER A)
- Ligne de Saint-Germain (branch A1 of the RER A from Nanterre-University, the existing part to Paris still belongs to the RFF)
Decommissioned and partially or fully deposited lines
- Steinbourg Line - Obermodern
- Saverne - Molsheim
- Line Bouxwiller - Ingwiller
- Line Drulingen - Lutzelbourg
- Line Cernay - Sewen
- Bollwiller Line - Lautenbach (Undressed)
- Altkirch - Ferrette line
- Dannemarie Line - Pfetterhouse
- Commentry Line - Mills
- Volvic Line - Lapeyrouse
- Montluçon Line - Gutters
- La Ferté-Hauterive Line - Gannat
- Montluçon Line - The Châtre
- Line Vichy - Darsac by Pont de Dore and Ambert
- Riom Line - Châtelguyon
- Vertaizon Line - Billom
- Sembadel Line - Bonson
- Brioude Line - Saint-Flour
- Line Le Puy - Langogne
- Line Firminy - Peyraud via Dunières
- Orléans - Châlons-sur-Marne
- Line Paris - Chartres by Gallardon
- Sargé-sur-Braye Line - Château-Renault
Railways of Pyrénées-Orientales
- Line Capdenac - Cahors
- Cahors Line - Monsempron-Libos (Lot and Lot and Garonne)
- Lexos Line - Montauban
- Viviez Line - Decazeville
- Bertholene Line - Espalion
- Tournemire Line - St-Affrique
- Line Tournemire - The Vigan - Nimes (Aveyron and Gard)
- Tram Pierrefitte - Cauterets - Luz
- Industrial line Decazeville - Firmi - Marcillac
- Aix-en-Provence line - Salon-de-Provence
- Line Arles - Salins-de-Giraud
- Cavaillon Line - Apt - Volx
- Cavaillon - Pertuis line
- Forcalquier Line - Volx
- Orange Line - Carpentras - L'Isle-sur-Sorgue
- Saint-Auban line - Digne
- Gardanne Line - Carnoules
- Line Les Arcs - Draguignan
- Aubagne Line - The Barque
- Line Arles - Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône
- Rognac Line - Aix-en-Provence
- Avignon Line - Carpentras
- Hyères Line - Les Salins-d'Hyères
- Line Annecy - Albertville
- Belleville Line - Beaujeu
- Collonges Line - Divonne
- Line Pierrelatte - Nyons
- Line Le Pouzin - Privas
- Le Teil - Vogüé Line - The Ardèche Levade
- Eastern Railway of Lyon (CFEL) - VFIL
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Beautiful, magical and absorbing, Railway has, since time immemorial, excited the greatest players in the world and in allcasinos. It would seem that its origins date back to medieval times when a game called "Baccarà" was played with tarots that were considered magic, so much so that they were decorated by famous artists and used as tools of divination.
The private rooms at the Casinò di Venezia's Renaissance Ca 'Vendramin Calergi is where it is possible to take part in a number of events with competitions and tournaments offering some impressive prizes.
Railroad is the classic card game. Glamorous, magical and exciting, it is a game that has always been the world's greatest gambler.
It seems that the origins of this game date back to the medieval period, when a game called "Baccarat" was played with Tarot cards. These special cards were considered magical and often decorated by famous artists and used to tell fortunes.
The game reached France at the beginning of the sixteenth century, where before being introduced to the casinos, it was enjoyed by the nobility.
The name of the game, "chemin de fer", which means railway in French, comes from the fact that the grid drawn on the green baize Baccarat table resembles railway lines and the card shoe or hoof (a card holder that distributes the cards is going round the table from player to player) looks like a small train.
Casinó di Venezia holds a series of Railway celebrations with prestigious prizes in the most exclusive salons of its elegant Renaissance palazzo, Ca 'Vendramin Calergi
The table is kidney-shaped and seats nine people. The table has eight boxes drawn on it for the players, plus a special recess, which is where the Croupier sits.
In the center of the table there are three sneakers. The hand, largest one called "sibyl" is where used cards are at the end of every shot (round). The two other openings, on the right and left of the sibyl are for tips. There is a slot on the right of the Croupier, for the chips that constitute the Casino's commission as we will see later.
A steward called the "Changer" always stands near the table.
Their job is to assist the Croupier by helping to change up chips and banknotes. To do this the changer is with a stock of casino chips.
The game is played with six decks of fifty-two cards: three decks with card backs of one color and three decks with card backs of a different color. This makes a total of 312 cards.
The aim of the game is to reach a score of 9 points by adding together the values of the two or three cards drawn.
The lowest score is zero (Baccarat). Aces count as one point, the picture cards and 10s count as zero and the other cards are worth the value shown on them.
The end score is possible by adding together the value of the cards minus 10 where possible (8 + 7 = 15 - 10 = 5).
The players play against each other, not against the Casino, and the direct croupier play only, ensuring that the rules are observed and taking a 5% (kitty) commission of any sums the banker (the banker) wins for the Casino .
To begin the game at least six players must be sitting at the table, which has eight places. Players who wish to take a place at the table must first ask the Game Supervisor. Players who are standing can also take part in the game within the prescriptive limits. One of these limits is that they can only stake the box in front of them and they can not change position during a hand.
The game starts with the player sitting at box no. 1 (banker), who has a stake equal or higher than the minimum table specified by the Game Supervisor.
If the banker wins, he may go on, but he must go into the game, he must bet the entire stake (original bet + win).
If, on the other hand, the banker loses or withdraws after the least valid round, the hand passes to the next player (from left to right). A hand is a sequence of
one or more rounds.
At each round the banker takes the cards, the first and third are for the "punter" (the egg, i.e. the other player), the second and fourth are for the bank.
When the cards have been dealt with by the card or no card (no card or no card). If the punter has scored 8 or 9, he must announce the number and turn his cards over.
If this happens the banker can not draw a third card and his score is based on the two cards already dealt.
After the "punter" has made his play, the banker turns his cards over and draws another card or stands.
The player with the highest score wins, i.e. the player whose card score is 9 or nearest to 9.
If the banker and the punter draw, the round is considered invalid.
If the "punter" loses, he can keep playing by announcing "banco" (banco tracking) again. This excludes the other players from the round.
There are usually only three stakes made in this game:
The punter plays alone against the banker
• Bank with table
The punter bets the staked by the banker
• Individual player stakes
The stakes of the various players play together. With this stake the punters' cards are dealt to the player who has staked the highest sum.
Players who wish to take part in a hand must place a stake in front of their own box beyond the dividing line. Stakes placed on the line are worth half their value unless the player declares otherwise. The value of the stakes by the players standing up.
Players are free to abide by the table shown below, known as the "Rule Table". Those who wish to abide by the Rule Table must tell the Croupier who in turn informs the other players.
The Croupier must always indicate "Rule Table" as it is a mistake that the rules of the game, which it does not need to be reconstructed by the Game steward according to the Rule Table.
• The Game Supervisor reserves the right to form tables "at his / her discretion" by assigning places to players who have reserved them.
• Players may not occupy more than one place, or at the same table or other tables.
• There are nine places reserved for players at the Grand Table.
• Only the Game Steward can not use the customary phrase, "Nothing goes better" and after this players can not change their stakes. All stakes must be considered and validated only if they consist of chips belonging to the Casino or Euros. Any stakes placed after "Nothing goes" has been called will not be accepted.
• If the banker decides to withdraw and "pass the deal", the game steward offers to all of the players who are willing to start the bank "all'altezza" (ie with the same amount retired). The manager is in charge of the game, starting with the player on the right of the last banker. If none of the seated players accept, the bank is then offered to the standing player that "speaks first".
• If no one accepts the bank "all'altezza" it is put for sale and passed to the player who bids the most. No distinction is made between the players sitting down and standing up. If, however, two or more players, the players who are seated take precedence.
• Any cards that appear face up in the hoof are automatically null and void and can not be put back inside it. It is strictly forbidden to look at the cards as they are removed from the hoof.
• Players sitting or standing at the table and anyone who is watching the game.
• Any unclaimed stakes or wins will be avoided by the Game Supervisor and will be subject to the procedures of the Gaming Management.
• The Game Supervisor has the right to change the minimum stake at any time, even during the game, by informing the players verbally.
• It is the Management's right to suspend play at any time.
• Any dispute that may arise with the Gaming Management.
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