Saint Brévin the ocean postal code

While Paris was not the immense metropolis of today, the small hamlet of Saint-Mandé takes, in the XIth century, the name of a Breton abbot whose relics rest in the local chapel. The city is then love along the wall that closed the Bois de Vincennes. In the nineteenth century, the Bel-Air district is attached to Paris, the city then has only 92 ha to flourish. Later, the periphery rises between the lake, the bourgeois houses of Saint-Mande and the heart of the capital.

General information about Saint-Mandé

Number of inhabitants in Saint-Mandé

Labels and awards from Saint-Mandé

Geographical location of Saint-Mandé

Position of Saint-Mandé on the map of France

Quality of life in Saint-Mandénbsp: share your opinion

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Testimonials of Net surfers on Saint-Mandé

Flee this city. If someone tells you he or she lives there, ask yourself questions; the population is scornful, the rents are expensive, a city clearly communitarian and a widespread non respect. It is a horror and the lake of Saint Mandé does not succeed to make up for the sad fate of this sad city.

Me and a friend of mine had to walk through the city of Mande to go to a friend's house. Before crossing this kind of imaginary line Paris / Holy Mande 'he told me' 'be careful here there's only racist bobo and the inhabitants are not nice!' 'To tell you the negative image that you sent them Saint-Mendéens. And indeed .. Not a minute without, when we took a selfie from us, someone balances us some unpleasant reflection. Beautiful city certainly, but rotting population. And I do not mean black looks accompanied by a feeling of unease. By the time I left this city I decided never to go again. Really audacious people.

I arrived in 1972, since the beautiful houses were demolished to leave instead six-storey buildings, an overpopulation irespectueuse unfortunately settled down giving way to a suburb where one has more desire to live.

the Mandeens saints are suffering from a complex of supperiorite they are hateful they take to the navel of the scornful world they are all their qualities as for the wood especially not the weekend

My God, over all these comments, Saint-Mandé is populated for his misfortune by a certain racist, anti-Semitic and radically sectarian population. Help, leave quickly this city leave to people who have human values ​​and who can write without spelling mistakes !.

I know very well this city there is a haughty community that believes itself superior to the world

it's been 3 years that I bought in Saint Mandé near the church and wood; the city being extensive, neighborhoods do not have the same quality of life. I thought I would find a little countryside near Paris, but it is a suburban town that is deteriorating; just read the other comments about a disrespectful and vulgar population, ephemeral and dedicated businesses.

I like: the idea of ​​moving soon, the Bois de Vincennes off Sunday, the attraction of the new Zoo, the human size of the city, but a district of Paris does as much. The church district and wood side away from new construction.

Saint Mandé, more than ten years ago that I knew it, this city. I found it nice, a little countryside near Paris. But the people who live there are gentrified and the haughty behavior, contemptuous even sectarian of a number of people who settled there does not bode well. It is a lifeless commune, cold and devoid of interest.

Support our city: Formerly the city was the village near the old town was pleasant everyday, maintained with care. But all that was formerly. Support our city! What I like in Saint-Mandé: Greatest thing except the vincennes wood nearby but it's paris. If we remove the wood there is nothing left in our city. To find this well being lost: www. Jesoutiensmaville. Fr /. What I do not like in Saint-Mandé: Today there are so many things that do not go anymore, just read the previous comments. Let's find our city better

A city that is deteriorating: I live there since 1970 the city is pleasant but since how much it turns into a religious city everyone is free but in respect of the community. What I like in Saint-Mandé: Proximity to Paris, wood metro. What I do not like in Saint-Mandé: That for the first time in the street a young man in black and big hat asks me my religion the layman that I am was shocked the unhealthy and the lack of civility of this population new.

The coastline of Saint-Brevin-les-Pins seen from Saint-Nazaire.

The town is located at the mouth of the Loire, on the opposite shore of Saint-Nazaire, a city whose development Saint-Brevin depends. Its coastline is composed of sandy beaches. Small village of fishermen and farmers, Saint-Brevin experienced from the 16th century problems of silting and erosion due to storms. Its north-west end, because of its strategic position at the entrance to the Loire, was fortified by Vauban. In the nineteenth century, the planting of a pine forest to fix the sand dunes led to the metamorphosis of the town into a seaside resort. Its development is stopped by the Second World War during which it is partially destroyed. In 1975, the construction of the Saint-Nazaire bridge linking the two banks of the estuary accelerated the development of the town. Tourism is the basis of the city's economic activity.

In the 2008 INSEE census, Saint-Brevin-les-Pins had 12,294 inhabitants called Brévinois.

Saint-Brevin-les-Pins is a seaside resort of the Côte de Jade located at the mouth of the Loire estuary, on the south bank, about sixty kilometers west of Nantes, 9 km south of Saint-Nazaire, on the other side of the estuary and 15 km north of Pornic.

According to the classification established by INSEE in 1999, Saint-Brevin is a non-polarized urban commune (see Communes of Loire-Atlantique); It is the main component of the agglomeration of Saint-Brevin-les-Pins, which includes the communes of Saint-Michel-Chef-Chef, La Plaine-sur-Mer and Préfailles.

Saint-Brevin is located in the South Armorican geological domain. The coastline, to the west and north, and the valley of the Boivre are of recent constitution (quaternary). The rest of the territory of the commune is an ancient base of sedimentary rocks formed 390 to 300 million years before the current era in the south-east and the Proterozoic or early Paleozoic in the center of the territory of the commune [1].

The soil of the town is relatively flat. The litoral contains two rocky spurs: Mindin in the north and Pointeau in the west [M 1].

To the north the town is bordered by the Loire. To the east the Franchais is the common boundary with Corsept. To the south the Bréneau, almost dried up in the 21st century, serves as a border with the commune of Saint-Michel-Chef-Chef. Also in Saint-Brevin: the Bodon (south-north), the Grande Courance and the Petite Courance (east-west) and the Boivre, formerly navigable, which has its source in the swamps of Saint-Père-en-Retz. Finally the west of the town is entirely bordered by the Atlantic Ocean [M 1].

The coast was once cut, with cliffs. Mindin was an island. As the sea level varied, the coastline was higher and lower than the current level. The alluvial deposits, deposited in particular by the Loire, led to the linear and flat aspect of the 21st century. From the sixteenth century the invasion of the sands gave the coast its aspect partly dune [M 2].

The resort has several beaches, such as those of Mindin, La Duchesse Anne and Pins near the city center, and others, to the south, the most beautiful, such as those of the Ocean, the Rochelets and the Hermitage .

The climate of Saint-Brevin is, as for the rest of the Loire-Atlantique, temperate oceanic type. This climate is very much influenced by the Loire estuary. The meteorological data for the municipality are recorded at the Montoir-Saint-Nazaire station. The winters are mild (Min 3 ° C / Max 10 ° C), and the summer is nice and mild too (Min 12 ° C / Max 24 ° C). The snowfall is quite rare, but note that there is currently 10 days of snowfall for winter 2009/2010 (low quantity). Rainfall is moderately frequent (113 days per year with precipitation) but well below the national average and shallow, with annual rainfall of 743.3 mm. However, rainfall is relatively variable from one year to the next. The sunshine is 1,826 hours a year, but there are only 53 days of strong sunshine [2].

Saint-Brevin receives mainly southwestern sector winds related to the Atlantic depressions and northeasterly sector winds when the weather is more stable. The average annual wind is 4.5 m / s and there are 60 days a year of strong wind [N 1], [3].

The presence of the ocean allows the establishment, usually in summer, of the phenomenon of coastal breeze, which modifies the wind regime.

Storms are rare but can be violent. The most notable historically are those of March 14 to 15, 1751, October 5, 1859 - which led to the practice of mass planting pines to protect the coast - and January 8, 1924 [L 1].

Routes of communication and transport

There is no railway station in Saint-Brevin, which is less than an hour from Nantes (by train, via Saint-Nazaire or by road).

Saint-Brevin is connected to Saint-Nazaire by the Saint-Nazaire Bridge and the Blue Road. For a long time these two towns had only a means of connection with the ferry which was taken at the Point de Mindin. Since 1974 and the construction of the bridge of Saint-Nazaire, it is much easier to go from one city to another. The free crossing of the bridge since October 1, 1994 had the effect of encouraging exchanges between the two cities and allowed the municipality to develop, thanks to the fact that before the creation of the Community of Communes of the South Estuary (in 2000), three of its member municipalities (Paimboeuf, Corsept and Saint Brevin-les-Pins) were members of the Syndicat Intercommunal de l'Estuaire and the Nazaire Region (SIERNA), and were therefore served by the urban buses of the STRAN. Saint-Brevin is on the route of bus lines 15 (Saint-Nazaire-Pornic), 16 (Saint-Nazaire-Frossay) and 18 (Saint-Nazaire-Saint-Père-en-Retz departmental network Lila.

The Mindin site is the last stop west of the bike path The Loire by bike which leaves from Cuffy near Nevers and goes along the Loire on 600 km, of which about 5 on the territory of the commune of Saint-Brevin [4]. The Vélocéan cycling network must ultimately cover the municipality [5].

Cycling routes are discontinuous on the coast of the department because of the presence of the estuary, to have a minimum circulation solution in case of unavailability of the bridge of Saint-Nazaire and to lighten the traffic of it. peak period, the General Council launched a shuttle project for the exclusive use of pedestrians and cycles. The operation requires a budget of 1, million euros excluding taxes [6]

The town is along a pine woodland and revolves around two centers: Pines and the ocean. The western part, along the coastline is highly urbanized, multi-storey buildings appear facing the beaches. Most of the urban area consists of houses or villas. In the east of the commune the habitat is dispersed in hamlets.

In 2007, INSEE counts almost 8 65 dwellings throughout the municipality, 1,171 more than in 1999. 5,103 are principal residences (56, %) and 3,636 are second homes or occasional dwellings (48.2%). The number of vacant dwellings (2.8%) has remained stable since 1968, between 296 and 396 over this period, reaching 226 in 2007 [7].

The construction of dwellings since 1949 is constant, with an average annual number of new dwellings amounting to 64 between 1949 and 1974, 70 between 1975 and 1989 and 83 between 1990 and 2004. The INSEE lists 869 dwellings built before 1949 (that is, 18.2%), 1 605 between 1949 and 1974, 1 052 between 1975 and 1989 (22.1%), and 1 242 between 1990 and 2004 (26%) [7].

The number of social housing units decreased between 1999 and 2007, from 243 to 219, this type of housing represents only 4.3% of the main residences [7].

The average price of real estate for sale is of the order of 3 353,78 € / meter 2 in 1999 [8] close to that recorded in the whole department: 3 104,01 € / meter 2 [9 ].

Saint Brevin was archbishop of Canterbury before being canonized after his death in 764. A priory was built south of the estuary after the Christianization due to St Martin de Vertou in the fifth century. After the passage of the Vikings the Church proceeded to a "reevangelization" led by monks of Canterbury in the 9th century. A priory dedicated to Bregwyn is built. The graphy evolves in Brewing, Breguwine, Breguvin, Brevein, Brevain, Breven then Brevin [L 2].

May 24, 1900 the town of Saint-Brevin takes the name of Saint-Brevin-les-Pins, the pines having formed on the dunes a forest planted by the man from 1860, and the acute accent corresponding to the manner of pronouncing of Nantes, the Brévinois pronouncing the e in the manner of a e mute. May 30, 1951 the suppression of the accent is officialized, to tend to a graphy close to the origin of the name [L 3]. Moreover, the gentile of the inhabitants carries the acute accent [10].

Saint-Brevin-les-Pins is indicated with a sharp accent on the maps of the National Geographic Institute or Michelin to mark the old pronunciation, now become uncertain; this acute accent is also present in many documents coming from the commune itself, including even today on the documents published by its tourist office, but the spelling Brevin tends to become widespread on its supports.

Archeology has revealed traces of bivouacs dating back to the Paleolithic (locality La Briordais and estuary of the Boivre). As the four dolmens and the five menhirs listed on the commune attest, the site of the town was inhabited in the Neolithic. The rocky spur at the mouth of the Loire estuary bears the name of Mindin, a Celtic word meaning "fortification of stone", which may suggest a use of the site at that time [F 1]. From the Celtic settlement remains the remains of two Gallic villages, and the Gallo-Roman legacy left the remains of six villas [F 2]. The name of the seigneury, La Guerche, is of Frankish or German origin, and can be translated by bastide. Merovingian sarcophagi were discovered in 1863 during the transfer of the cemetery, consistent with the hypothesis that made La Guerche a garrison in the fight against the Visigoths then the Vikings and Bretons [L 4], the use of term guerche being recorded 35 times in the Marche de Bretagne franque [L 5]. It is Dagobert I who assumes the domination of the Franks in the country of Retz. Some guerches become feudal fiefs when Roland (the unfortunate hero of Roncesvalles) came to the head of the prefecture of the Brittany marches to contain the Bretons. This is how Saint-Brevin becomes a lordship.

In the 9th century, Saint-Brevin is part of the county of Herbauges, which brings together militarily all the parishes and villages of Lower Poitou in the fight against the Viking invasions. In 851, the King of Brittany, Erispoé and the King of France, Charles the Bald, sign the Treaty of Angers which allows the Bretons to expand their territory by occupying the Pays Rennais, the Pays nantais and the Pays de Retz [11 ].

From the end of the Middle Ages to the Revolution

In 1040, La Guerche becomes chatellenie [L 6] under Alan de la Guerche [L 7].

The first reference to the city is a charter of 1104 signed Lady Barbota establishes that it abandons its rights to the church of Saint-Brevin, which is then his property, and the right to appoint the chaplain [D 1] . Saint-Brevin is primarily a village of sailors, fishermen and farmers. It is then erected as a marquisate in the 17th century following the acquisition of the property of the seigneury of La Guerche, by René de Bruc [D 2]. Strategic location, especially for the watch traffic on the river, Mindin is fortified by Vauban in 1696 to protect the English. In 1754 the site and that of Fort Villès-Martin in Saint-Nazaire are jointly reinforced by the engineer Touros to allow to prevent the access of the river to potential enemies [F 1].

In 1810, the first cadastre highlights the danger of the invasion of the village by the dunes that have a width of 850 meters. The church and its cemetery are surrounded by wooden palisades designed to protect them from the movement of sands [D 3]. It is in 1807 that the decision to establish this protection was taken, to face the advance of the sand as it is the case with Escoublac, whose town will end up being displaced [D 4]. Taking the example of maritime pine plantations carried out by engineer Brémontier on the Aquitaine coast, M. Pradal, the new owner of La Guerche, plants pines, holm oaks, tamarisks and thorny brooms on 2 ares. Mr. Pradal's successor, Mr. Drouet, wants to develop the experiment, but the municipal council refuses to concede the dunes, considering that the tests are failures [D 5].

In 1829, the attempt of a Nantais, Mr. Heantjens, to be granted the concession of the dunes also fails. Then the state contests the right of ownership between 1833 and 1845 [D 6]. Finally, the town keeps the dunes. A sand-sharing plan was carried out in 1859 by Alphonse Padioleau, surveyor. This one draws up a plan organizing the layout of the tracks traversing the zone. These roads will become avenues, Padioleau is the first planner of the city. Notables based mainly in Nantes and Paimboeuf are acquiring large estates made up of dunes, and Brévinois sharing beneficiaries agree to be compensated [D 7]. Buyers have the obligation to establish plantations to fix the dunes, an operation that begins in 1860 [D 8].

At the same time, the municipality is considering its economic development, and this seems linked to the rise of Saint-Nazaire on the other side of the estuary. The lines of communication turn towards Mindin, from where one can reach the neighboring city by boat. A landing stage was commissioned in 1877 [D 9].

In 1882, begins the construction of what will become "Saint-Brevin-l'Océan", with its casino, many villas and the chapel Saint-Louis (1889) [D 10].

The town was then called Saint-Brevin and it was not until 1899 that it was decided to rename it as "Saint-Brévin-les-Pins" in honor of the trees that saved the city from silting .

During the Second World War, Saint-Brévin-les-Pins is very damaged, and one can still today see the blockhouses left by the Germans on the coast. The Second World War continued in Saint-Brévin-les-Pins for nine more months (from August 1944 to May 11, 1945) than in the rest of France: this is the episode known as the Poche de Saint-Nazaire [M 4].

In 1955 works were launched to protect Saint-Brevin from storms, buildings are damaged by the effects of water or sand it carries. Between 1959 and 1972, a dike is built. It is then on the contrary a plan of safeguarding the dunes which must be engaged [M 5].

The city undergoes a period of modernization from the mid-1950s, a period punctuated by the opening of the Saint-Nazaire Bridge in 1975, which opens the southern end of the Loire estuary. The fact that this bridge paid off limited the population growth of Saint-Brevin [M 5], a restriction that disappeared on 1 October 1994, when access to the bridge became free of charge [12].

Political trends and results

The counting of the votes of the first round of the 2007 presidential election revealed in Saint-Brevin-les-Pins a rate of abstention of 12.13% [13], significantly lower than the national rate [14]. The voters of the country mainly voted for N. Sarkozy 30.0 %, S. Royal 26.4%, F. Bayrou 1.77%, J.-M. Le Pen 7.75% and O. Besancenot 4.88% [13]. Mr Sarkozy gets 1% less than at the national level, Mrs Royal 1% more [14]. This trend is confirmed in the second round, with abstention still lower than that of the whole country, because if Saint-Brevin-les-Pins majority vote for Mr. Sarkozy (50.15%), in front of Ms. Royal (4.85%) [13], it is with a difference much lower than that of the whole country (respectively 53,06% and 46,4%) [14].

The MP for Saint-Brevin-les-Pins is Mr. Philippe Boennec (Union for a Popular Movement) who, in the legislative elections of 2007, with 48.5% yet arrives behind his opponent Ms. Monique Rabin (PS, 51.05 %) with regard to the votes in the second round. In the first round, Mr. Boennec obtained in Saint-Brevin 35.53%, Ms. Rabin 30.85%, Mr. Revel (Miscellaneous right) 10.14% and Mr. Gillon (UDF) 7.13%, no other candidate not exceeding 5%. The abstentions were respectively 36.7% and 37.78% [15].

The municipal council has thirty-three elected representatives. The mayor, Mr. Yannick Haury, is surrounded by nine assistant mayors. Of the remaining municipal councilors, seventeen are from the majority (six of whom are assistant delegates), six from the opposition [16].

Wellness Escape 2 people

Romantic Getaway 2 people

Relaxing Getaway 2 people

Parenthèse Bien Etre 2 people 2 nights

Well Being absolute 2 people 3 nights

Evening Step 1 person

"Ritual comforting feet"


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The wheel of the restaurant Cape Town

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For the gourmet

The sea serpent



Located between La Baule and Pornic, in Brittany Loire Océan, the H9ocirc; such spa of Beryl *** Saint-Brévin the Oc9acute; blessed with an exceptional situation facing the sea.

The beauty of the landscape combined with the many attractions of our casino will guarantee you an unforgettable stay.

Contact and reservation: 02 28 53 20 00

55 boulevard l'ocean, 44250 Saint Brevin L'Ocean

  • Foie gras half-cooked with Banyuls 16 €
  • Scallop carpaccio with mango vinaigrette 13.50 €
  • Roasted Cabecou with honey and lavender 12.50 €
  • Sea bream with a cream of coconut and lime 21 €
  • Burger "Transalpin9quot ;: bread "Bio9quot;, grilled chicken, gorgonzola, pesto, confit tomatoes, french fries and salad 16.0 €
  • Piece of beef grilled with Tasmanian pepper and shots 21.50 €
  • Gourmet coffee 8.0 €
  • Flowing Au Chocolat "Bio9quot; with a Senga Sengana sorbet € .50
  • Nashi poached with sweet spices, Breton peach ice cream 8 €

To enjoy the unique view. Cape Town opens a comfortable, air-conditioned room facing the ocean. Your meal starts well. Moreover, on sunny days, the large terrace makes all the difference!

Scalloped walnuts orange with a celery muslin with cumin

Cadet Rothschild Sheep, Chablis, Reuillly and Pessac Leognan

Near the berries

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Highway A11 from Paris

7 daily TGV connections from Montparnasse station to St Nazaire (2h50).

Casino 10 minutes from the station of St Nazaire by taxi or bus.

Nantes Atlantique International Airport 30 minutes from the casino

Nautical base of Pointeau:

Catamaran, sand yachting, canoeing, kite surfing.

Boarding for a walk in the Bay of Bourgneuf towards the Pointe de Saint Gildas ... a walk of an hour to take your breath away.

In front of the boat, take a seat in a sand yacht for a 100% sensations afternoon.

For lovers of sensations. Each at his own pace, these little cars make you discover the Pays de Retz in an original way.

Beginners or beginners, unwind with a golf session: on the driving range or on the 18-hole course.

Get high, and under the supervision of a certified instructor, you can safely discover the forest world.

To have fun, let off steam and disconnect through beautiful sensations.

Tourist Office from Saint Brévin Les Pins

2,000 wild animals in the wild, 10 km of safari trails, make up the biggest wildlife show in Europe. Elephants, rhinoceroses, lions, cheetahs; watch them freely, then enjoy a refreshing drink with the largest aquatic complex in Europe: 10 million liters of water, to discover the great family of sea lions. For the more adventurous: 200% of sensations on a creeper bridge to discover the forest of the monkeys.

The big park of legends:

33 acres dedicated to magic at the mystery and enchantment of tales, myths, legends and superstitions.

To discover what is happening beneath the surface of the oceans! Do not miss: the pavilion "Australia's Sharks9quot; in a pool of one million liters of seawater!

The Grand BlockHaus:

A museum in an authentic command post on the Atlantic Wall, one of the largest blockhouses ever built.

Visit the salt marshes, guided by salt marsh and "nature" animators.

Ornithological Park in the heart of the Natural Park of Brière.

At the heart of construction workshops, your guide will explain the challenge of making the largest aircraft in the world: the A380.

The shipyards of the Atlantic:

Live live the birth of the giants of the seas and dive into the intimit9eacute; high-tech ships. Equipped with a headset receiver, you will not miss any of your guide's explanations of the construction secrets and history of one of the oldest shipyards in Europe.

Discover the history of the ships that marked the century of navigation: cinematographic treasures, unpublished photographs, shows ...

The submarine Espadon:

Only submersible afloat open to the public, it welcomes you to discover the life of the 65 crewmen aboard aboard the first French submarine to have reached the ice of the Arctic.

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